Edificio da CorteEdificio da Corte Edificio da CorteEdificio da Corte

Book Online

Dona Maria I


D. Maria, nicknamed "the Mercifull" and "the Madwoman", was Queen of Portugal from 1777 until her death.

Her first act as queen was the dismissal and exile of the court of the Marquis of Pombal, who never could forgive the brutal form as he treated the Távora family during the Tavora Process.

Queen, dedicated to social works, granted asylum to numerous French aristocrats who had escaped the terror of the French Revolution (1789-1799).

A melancholy and extremely Catholic Queen of such a sensitive nature that when several men entered a church with the intention of stealing precious possessions and scattered wafers on the floor, she decreed nine days of mourning, postponed public affairs, and accompanied her on foot with a candle to procession of penance that toured Lisbon.

Hers reign was of great legislative, commercial and diplomatic activity, in which one can highlight the trade treaty that he signed with Russia in 1789.

She developed culture and science,

In the area of ​​social assistance, he founded Casa Pia de Lisboa.

Disabled, Maria lived in Brazil for eight years, always in an unhappy state.

Shee died in the Convent of Carmo, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, on March 20, 1816, at the age of 81. After the funeral ceremonies, her body was buried in the Ajuda Convent, also in Rio de Janeiro. With her death, Prince Regent John was acclaimed King of Portugal and Brazil.

In 1821, after the return of the Royal Family to Portugal, her remains were transferred to Lisbon and buried in a tomb in the Estrela Basilica, a church that the queen herself ordered to be built.

our Buildings

This site uses cookies to improve your browsing experience and provide the best service possible. By continuing to browse the site, you accept its use.

Cookies Settings:

Cookies and other similar technologies are an essential part of how our Platform works. The main goal of cookies is to make your browsing experience easier and more efficient and to improve our services and the Platform itself. Likewise, we use cookies to show you targeted advertising when you visit third-party websites and apps. Here, you will find all the information on the cookies we use. Furthermore, you will be able to activate and/or deactivate them according to your preferences, except for any cookies that are strictly necessary for the functioning of the Platform. Keep in mind that blocking certain cookies may affect your experience on the Platform, as well as its functioning. By clicking “Confirm preferences”, the cookies selection you have made will be saved. If you have not selected any options, clicking this button will be the same as blocking all cookies. For more information, please consult our Cookie Policy.

Cookies Settings
Accept all Cookies